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Cybersecurity Basics: What is it, and How to Take Appropriate Measures?


In this digital age, no one is protected from unwanted security threats. While sitting at home, most of us feel safe while shopping online because no one could rob us while parking a car. The risk of being robbed is lesser than being robbed online.

As a new internet user or someone who only knows how to open a browser, type a URL and browse a website to get information, does not know about cybersecurity. In today’s time when social media platforms are increasing at a rapid pace, the vulnerability of being exposed to hackers and scammers is quite high. Especially when it comes to teenagers, things can take a dangerous twist and turns due to the uploading of personal information, pictures, and videos.

The purpose of this post is to inform you about the basics of cybersecurity. Also, we will figure out how to ensure an optimal level of cybersecurity at home and the office. Let’s find out.

What Is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity is referred to a process or set of techniques that involve the protection of sensitive data, networks, and computer systems from cyberattacks. Cyberattack is the term used to define as the tampering of information and data stored, unauthorized access to sensitive information, ransomware attacks to extort money and encrypt data, or disturbing the normal functioning of businesses and processes.

Now that you have an idea about cybersecurity, let’s find out some of the statistics and studies revealing its consequences.

  • As much as 95% of cybersecurity ruptures are due to human error.
  • The global information security market is estimated to reach $170.4 billion by the year 2022
  • Around 11,762 breaches were reported between year Jan 2005 to May 2021
  • Approximately 56 percent of Americans are unaware of the steps to take after the data breach
  • Approximately 147.9 million consumers were affected in 2017 by the Equifax breach
  • 94 percent of malware is sent through email
  • According to the estimate around $17,700 is lost every minute because of a phishing attack

How To Protect From Cybersecurity Threats?

As common internet users, we all know how to stream favorite moviesand Tv-shows on Netflix, play gamesonline, download important files and socialize with friends. But when it comes to protecting one’s privacy, most of us are clueless and don’t know how to answer. Moreover, the possibility of responding appropriately is zero.

In this section, we are going to discuss some of the ways to protect yourself from cyberattacks and ensure maximum security.

Train Your Near And Dear Ones

If everyone in your home is using the internet, the first and foremost thing you could do is to help them educate. From kids to teenagers and adults to elders, everyone should be held accountable for what he/she is doing and how much security measures are being taken.

For instance, you should train every member in your house to know about the basics of cyber threats and cybersecurity. No one should share personal information on social media accounts and nor do they post any personal picture or video that must stay within the family.

Moreover, while checking emails, one should know about what emails are to be opened and what links need to be clicked. In case of someone, wants to shop online, only elders having credit cards must process the order. No kid or teenager should be allowed to make a purchase online without the consent of elders.

Internet Security Suite

In the digital era, everyone understands the sensitivity of cyber threats and security. Therefore, most internet service providers have come forward to help subscribers stay away from vulnerable attacks and threats.

Most of the ISPs offer a security suite for a very small monthly fee with their plans. But when it comes to Spectrum plans, the security suite is included free of cost. Therefore, you don’t have to worry about paying an extra fee every month to stay secure and protected.

If you have not subscribed to any service provider, make sure to look for a reliable service provider in your area offering full protection.

Keep Your Software Updated

Don’t be too lazy in updating your software and operating system. It may take few hours to install the update, but once it is done, you will be safe to do anything online. Most cyber-attacks occur due to outdated software and operating system. It allows hackers to find loopholes in your security and trespass it through illegal means. Don’t let these loopholes and weaknesses in your security system allow hackers to get into your system.

Use Virtual Private Network (VPN)

Virtual Private Network can help you stay protected online especially when you are making some purchase or using public Wi-Fi. Most people use VPN for accessing area restricted content. But VPN allows you to do more than you can think of. For instance, VPN can be used to protect your identity while surfing online on public Wi-Fi.

If you love to do remote work sitting at a random public place such as a café, airport, park, or share workplaces, then you are just a few steps away from being exposed to hackers. Make sure to install a VPN on your device before connecting to these Wi-Fi networks. The basic function of a Virtual Private Network is to hide your IP address and stay anonymous, leaving hackers no clue about your identity

Use Strong And Different Passwords

We visit different websites all through the day. Some of them are shopping websites, while others are for entertainmentpurposes. But most of these websites want you to register on the website before allowing access to its content.

The majority of new internet users don’t bother to pick a different password for each website. To avoid any trouble remembering the password, they keep the password the same on each website. However, this can prove to be a security threat, especially when it comes to banking websites, apps, and email accounts. Make sure to pick a different password each time containing special characters, small and upper case letters, and numbers. If you are facing trouble remembering these passwords, you can store them offline on a text document.

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